What is a choir?


Choirs can be defined according to different parameters ranging from their objectives and purposes, to the gender and age of its members.
According to its objectives, the choirs can be:

a) School: These are choirs instituted at school, with the aim of developing an integral education for children, aimed at stimulating aesthetic enjoyment, strengthening self-esteem, seeking Team achievement and emotional intelligence. Thus, the future social being is prepared from its first years to live together and to build in harmony with those around it.

b) Professionals: There is often a tendency to call professional choirs to impressively good work groups. However, it will be understood according to the definition of the Dictionary of the Royal Spanish Academy (2005), that the word profession means: “Employment, faculty or office that a persona has and exercises with right to retribution” Then, the professional choir is the one that charge for singing Not only the director (very recurring circumstance), but each and every one of its members.

Therapeutic: Are those whose purpose is focused on the stimulation of individuals who have some conditions, either behavioral or physical, seeking improvement or cure. In the first case, the positive emotional effects allow us to channel states that Aristotle already glimpsed in the catharsis. Don Campbell (1998), in his work “The Mozart Effect”, presents a chapter entitled: “Miracle Stories of Treatments and Cures” in which he dedicates almost 58 pages to the effect that music exerts on conditions ranging from burns to AIDS. Of course, singing is one of the modes indicated. This is the function of the therapeutic choir and from there we define it as such.

Academic: It is the choir that is constituted in music schools, conservatories and institutions devoted to pure music. Its main objective is the achievement of virtuosity in group singing according to historical trends and styles of composition. Its repertoire is of high level and demands a lot of those who integrate it.

Institutional: It is that vocal grouping that represents companies, universities, banks, schools of professionals, government entities, or social service associations such as firemen, police, etc. The function of this group is mainly public representation. Wherever the chorus is presented, it is the image of the company, and this implies: Free propaganda on radio, television and press, as well as a vision on the part of the most humane clients and consumers of said institution. In addition, the members of these groups feel an extra benefit, which fills them with pleasure by having more happy and productive workers.

Choir of Diletantes: It is a group formed by people who do not dedicate themselves to singing as a profession, but rather they do it for hobbies, for the simple fact of enjoying.

Symphonic Choir: Group of great mass that is dedicated to cultivate the symphonic genre – choral. The Choir Protocolar: That is dedicated to events of this tenor, the Sacro Choir: Whose objective is the song of exclusively religious music. It should also be added that there is currently a tendency to call the vocal groupings as vocal, experimental ensembles and others that seek to define their north in front of the audience.

It must not be forgotten, that the division according to the objectives and aims of the choir, does not justify mediocre work. It is understood that according to the maturity of the choir and the vocal quality of the members, each group will have a different performance.
Depending on the sex of the choirs, the group can be:

Clear Voices: Chorus formed by ladies only.

Dark Voices: Chorus formed only by gentlemen.

Mixed Voices: Chorus formed by ladies and gentlemen.

According to the ages of the members, the choir can be:

a) Adult Choir: Made up of mature people, who have already passed their adolescence stage. The voice is in full performance. This is the chorus of greater sonorous possibilities for its harmonic and extension wealth. (It goes from the most serious note that a deep bass can make, to the most acute of a light soprano)

b) Children’s or Children’s choir. It is made up of kindergartens that have not yet been reached by adolescence. The voice changes have not affected them. Especially in males, since this one is more noticeable in gentlemen than in ladies. Its sound is very sweet, almost as transparent and crystal clear.

c) Juvenile Choir: It is the chorus of young people in adolescence. We usually see him in high school. Voices are not what they should be, they are still fogged up and their records are very short. They break easily: “The cock goes”. However with a good work of vocal technique and the choice of an adequate repertoire, many achievements can be made.





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